Diseases

Menstrual Cycle

Menstrual Cycle

The first menstrual cycle (also menarche) is a sign of a girl turning into a woman. Menstruations (menstrual bleeding) appear in the early...

Scabies

Scabies

Scabies is a parasitic skin infection, which is caused by microscopic mites. The mites, which are also called Sarcoptes scabiei, dig...

Gastric Cancer

Gastric Cancer

Gastric cancer (stomach cancer) is one of the commonest malignant tumors (the second most common cancer after lung cancer). Gastric cancer is...

Anorexia

Anorexia

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder and one of psychiatric diseases, sometimes compared to alcoholism or even drug addiction. Anorexia presents...

Common Cold

Common Cold

Common cold (chill) is a group of diseases, which we refer to as “catching a cold“. These are respiratory viral infections, which have...

Epilepsy

Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a chronic disease of the central nervous system (CNS). It presents itself in recurrent unprovoked seizures. The incidence of epilepsy...

Arterial Hypertension

Arterial Hypertension

Arterial hypertension (hypertension) is a prolonged increase in arterial blood pressure. Hypertension is diagnosed when blood pressure is...

Cough

Cough

Cough is a protective reflex that helps to clear the airways from foreign bodies, microorganisms and dust. Cough is a diverse symptom, which is...

Tick-borne Encephalitis

Tick-borne Encephalitis

Tick-borne encephalitis is a viral disease, which natural source is wild animals (mice, foxes, wolves, deer) and which vectors are ticks. Tick-...

Syncope

Syncope

Syncope, or fainting, is a temporary loss of consciousness, lasting for less than 20 seconds. Fainting is caused by a short-term circulatory...

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome is a digestive dysfunction, which manifests as abdominal pain, flatulence and other unpleasant senses. These sensations...

Rabies

Rabies

Rabies is a lethal disease caused by a viral infection, which is transmitted through the saliva of certain animals.

Causes...

Hyperactivity

Hyperactivity

Hyperactivity is a children behavior disorder. Children with this syndrome are called hyperactive children. Recently, this disorder has been...

Potassium Deficiency

Potassium Deficiency

Potassium deficiency or hypokalemia is a condition when the organism lacks one of the most important trace elements – potassium - because of...

Fecal Incontinence in Adults

Fecal Incontinence in Adults

Fecal incontinence in adults is an inability to voluntarily control defecation, which in the lightest form is incontinence of gas, and in the most...

Endocrine Diseases in Children

Endocrine Diseases in Children

Everybody knows what a pediatrician is, but a pediatric endocrinologist arouses interest in many. What are the most common endocrine diseases in...

Alcohol Poisoning

Alcohol (alcohol surrogates) Poisoning

Alcohols are a group of chemical substances, which have similar chemical characteristics and toxic (poisonous) effect on human health and life....

Hypochondria

Hypochondria

Every doctor meets a particular category of patients – hypochondriacs - during his practice. They tend to take piles of drugs, request a lot of...

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare, life-threatening inflammatory response syndrome, which is caused by toxic substances, produced by bacteria,...

Somatization Disorder or Imitation of Hard Conditions

Somatization Disorder

Somatization disorder is a psychiatric disorder, which, like hypochondria, belongs to a group of somatoform psychiatric disorders (diseases of...

Dialysis

Dialysis and Kidney

Dialysis is a treatment used as an artificial replacement for lost kidney function in cases of renal failure, poisoning as well as increased...

Infertility

Infertility Treatments

Family infertility is a condition when parents who use no contraception and regularly have sexual intercourse cannot have offspring (or rather, a...

Pacemaker

Pacemaker

A pacemaker (cardiac stimulator) is a small device that generates weak electric impulses. These impulses force the heart to contract, when it is “...

Rheumatoid Arthritis

What is Reumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (or simply arthritis) is a chronic, progressive, systemic disease mostly damaging the joints; unfortunately, it can also...

Hernia

Hernia

Hernia is a protrusion of an organ through a defect in a particular organism cavity wall. We are going to talk about external hernias. Most common...

Otitis

Otitis

Otitis is an infectious inflammation of the middle ear. This disease often occurs in children (though it often manifests among adolescents)....

Endometriosis

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a non-malignant disease in which some tissue similar to the tissue of the uterus appears outside the womb. Endometriosis affects...

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (or COPD), also called chronic obstructive bronchitis as well as pulmonary emphysema, is a chronic,...

Food Allergy in Children

Food Allergy in Children

According to statistics, every third child is allergic to several food products. Because of that parents have difficulties preparing assorted food...

Herpes Simplex

Herpes Simplex

Herpes simplex, also called cold sores, is one of the most unpleasant diseases. Herpes simplex virus may affect various human organs. Still,...

Laryngitis

Laryngitis

Laryngitis  is an acute viral inflammation of the larynx, which is described as croup syndrome:  cough, hoarse voice and difficulty in breathing....

Salmonellosis

Salmonellosis Infectious

Salmonellosis is a bacterial infection that causes a profuse diarrhea, fever and rapid body dehydration.

Causes

...

Stable Angina Pectoris

Stable Angina Pectoris

Angina pectoris (stenocardia) is a short-term chest pain due to reduced blood supply (myocardial oxygen demand is greater than it is brought with...

Baby's Abdominal Pain

Baby's abdominal pain

A baby's abdomen may hurt not only because of obvious organic and surgical diseases. Often a baby's belly pain is functional - in the absence of...

Unstable Angina

Unstable Angina

Unstable angina pectoris is an acute syndrome when the heart muscle is under-supplied with blood (myocardial ischemia). This syndrome is much more...

Scarlet Fever

Scarlet Fever

Scarlet fever (scarlatina in older literature references) is an infectious disease that usually affects children (in rare cases, adults can fall...

Chronic Lympholeukemia

Chronic Lympholeukemia

In the case of chronic lympholeukemia the production of another leukocyte group – the lymphocytes – is altered. The further scenario is quite...

Chronic Myeloleukemia

Chronic_Myeloid_Leukemia

In the case of chronic myeloleukemia the production in granulocytes (a group of leukocytes) is impeded. The essence of leukemia is an...

Joint Diseases

Degenerative Joint Disease

Joint diseases are a common disorder in the elderly. For example, the knee joint has a very complex anatomical structure. The knee joint consists...

Legionellosis

Legionella Pneumophila

Legionellosis is a rare but very dangerous disease. In 1976 the participants of American legion congress in Philadelphia experienced an outbreak...

Kleptomania

Kleptomania

Kleptomania (from Greek “klepto” – I steal and “mania” – madness, desire) is an addiction to steal. In cases of kleptomania the theft is usually...

Aortic Stenosis

Aortic Stenosis

Aortic stenosis is a heart defect, which narrows the aortic opening. This is a common heart defect, mostly caused by atherosclerosis (for the...

Cystitis

Cystitis

Inflammation of the bladder, or cystitis is generally a bacterial infection of the bladder, which usually affects women. Cystitis can also be...

Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer & Women

Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the cervix uteri or cervical area. The cervix (or neck of the uterus) is the lower, narrow portion of...

Rotavirus Diarrhea

Rotavirus Diarrhea

Rotavirus diarrhea is an infectious diarrhea, which is caused by rotavirus. This is one of the most common diarrheas, or, to be more exact,...

Menopause

Menopause

Menopause is the end of menses due to the exhaustion of ovarian function. Menopause is a transitional period from premenopause (before menopause)...

Premature Infant

Preterm Newborn

Premature infant (preterm newborn) is a baby who is born later than the 22ond and before the 37th week of gestation and weights at least 500 g....

Acute Leukemia

Acute Leukemia

Acute leukemia is otherwise called acute leucosis. It is a certain type of leukemia, which is characterized by a rapid progression and a violent...

Chronic Leukemia

Chronic Leukemia

Chronic leukemia is also called blood cancer. It is a group of leukemia type diseases, characterized by a slow progression. Some few years may...

Functional Dyspepsia

Functional Dyspepsia

Functional dyspepsia is a medical condition characterized by pain and discomfort in the upper abdomen early sense of fullness after eating, nausea...

Renal Calculi

Renal Calculi

Renal calculi (nephrolithiasis) is a chronic disease when a person develops stones in the kidney pelvis. Kidney stones are forming for several...

Chicken Pox

Chicken Pox

Chicken pox is a viral infectious disease, which mostly occurs in childhood. Adults usually have more severe forms of chicken pox. In such cases...

Liver Cirrhosis

Liver & Liver Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis of the liver is also known as fibrosis of the liver tissue (connective tissue arises instead of normal cells), scarring. Liver cirrhosis...

Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is a bacterial disease. Its natural reservoir is wild animals (from rodents to moose). Lyme disease is transmitted by ticks and it is...

Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is one of the commonest malignant tumors. It can be localized in the colon and caecum as well as the rectum.

...

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is also called thinning of the bones. It is a disorder when there is not enough calcium in the bones. Osteoporosis is one of the most...

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus World Map

Diabetes is an endocrine disorder which is characterized by increased glucose concentration in the blood, which is usually caused by impaired...

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

PMS

PMS is a complex of symptoms, connected with the menstrual cycle. It usually begins before the menstruations. There are a lot of possible symptoms...

Liver Failure

Liver Failure

Liver failure is a syndrome which occurs when the liver does not function any more. It is usually the last stage of various liver diseases. The...

Heart Attack

Heart Attack

Myocardial infarction (heart attack) is an irreversible destruction of heart cells. It is caused by a prolonged ischemia (deficiency of oxygen and...

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is also known as phthisis. Tuberculosis is an infectious bacterial disease during which granulomas (specific mass) are formed in the...

Sepsis

Sepsis

Sepsis (or blood infection) is a serious condition, which occurs when the infection (or toxins produced by bacteria) enters the bloodstream....

Gout

Gout

Gout (or podagra) is a metabolism malfunction that leads to high levels of uric acid accumulating in the organism. Gout is more common in men and...

Osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis is a frequent spine disease, which appears while aging. Osteochondrosis is closely associated with osteoarthrosis. Osteochondrosis...

Biopsy

Biopsy is an interventional medical analysis method involving the removal of a piece of a tissue for a histological examination. Biopsy is a...

Hemorrhagic Stroke

Stroke. Insult.

A stroke is a brain blood flow disorder, which affects brain cells (neurons) and causes neurological symptoms, unbalances the patient’s health and...

Acute Bronchitis

Acute Bronchitis

Acute bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi (lower respiratory tract). Bronchitis is one of the most common diseases in the world but...

Hepatitis C

Hepatisis C Map in the World

Hepatitis C is a viral, usually chronic liver disease that destructs liver cells and eventually causes liver cirrhosis. Approximately 3 % of the...

Earache

Earache

Probably everyone knows what an earache is and how unpleasant this sense is. But why does it happen? How to deal with that? Is it a symptom of a...

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by protozoa. One catches toxoplasmosis eating food that is contaminated with cat feces.

...

Sinusitis

Sinusitis

Sinusitis is an acute or chronic inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. Sinusitis usually lasts for up to four weeks. Often repeated or prolonged...

Hemangioma

Hemangioma on the Head

Hemangioma is a benign tumor, which consists of blood vessels. Hemangioma starts in endothelial cells that are inside blood vessels. It is a rare...

Delusions

Delusions

In psychiatry delusions are classified as thinking (content) disorders. Delusions are thoughts and interpretations which do not meet reality, take...

Shock

Shock

Shock is an acute state, a syndrome that can be caused by various conditions, but always manifests in circulation disorders affecting the most...

Dehydration

Dehydration

Dehydration is a loss of water in the organism. Water accounts for more than two thirds of human body mass. Water is extremely important for the...

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

According to the data of Health education and disease prevention centre this year three children have had carbon monoxide poisoning. 

Even...

Ultrasound Imaging

Ultrasound Imaging

Ultrasound imaging also called echoscopy, is a diagnostic imaging technique, based on ultrasound ability to travel through fluids. Ultrasound...

Allergy

Allergy

An allergy is also called a hyperergic reaction. Allergy is the immune system’s overreaction to harmless substances. These can be food particles (...

Liver Cancer

Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is a rare, but a very dangerous oncological disease. Liver cancer begins asymptomatically and once the symptoms start to appear, it...

Pharyngotonsillitis

Pharyngotonsillitis

Pharyngotonsillitis is an inflammation of the pharynx and the tonsils. Its main symptom is a sore throat. On rare occasions isolated inflammations...

Flu

Flu

Flu or influenza is one of the commonest and most widely spread infections in the world, especially in autumn and spring, when it tends to become...

Myocarditis

Myocarditis

Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle, causing arrhythmias, heart failure or even cardiogenic shock. Myocarditis may be caused by...

Migraine

Migraine Disease

Migraine is a passing recurrent headache accompanied by symptoms of almost any body system. Migraine is one of the most common diseases, it has...

Vertigo

Dizziness

Vertigo or dizziness is one of the most common symptoms that occur in both young and old, both men and women. Vertigo is a subjective perception,...

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Nuclear magnetic resonance is also known as MRI - magnetic resonance imaging, or simply MR - magnetic resonance. This is a non-invasive diagnostic...

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B prevalence

Hepatitis B is a chronic liver disease (lasting six months or more) caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The disease usually begins as an acute...

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, progressing and constantly relapsing nervous system disease manifesting as neurodegenerative (degeneration of...

Tetanus

Tetanus

Tetanus is a rare but very dangerous disease. Tetanus is an infectious disease, which is caused by anaerobic (microorganisms which function...

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a chronic arterial wall disease when atherosclerotic plaque (atheroma) is being formed. People call atherosclerosis “arterial...

Vaginal Candidiasis

Vaginal Candidiasis

Vaginal candidiasis, popular known as thrush or vaginal fungus, is a fungal disease of female genital organs. An episode of candidiasis occurs to...

Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer on the back

Skin cancer (or melanoma) is not a common disease, but it is one of the highly malignant forms of skin tumors. Incidence of the disease is ...

Lupus

Lupus

Lupus is an autoimmune (then organism is "fighting" against its own cells) disease, during which most tissues are damaged. Women have lupus more...

Pneumonia

Pneumonia - Lungs.

Pneumonia is an infectious inflammation of lung tissue. Pneumonia is the most comon disease in the practice of a family doctor. Children and...

Diphtheria

Diphtheria

Diphtheria is an especially rare (almost extinct), but very dangerous infectious disease. Diphtheria is a fatal bacterial infection, which is...

Prostate Cancer

Removing Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer among USA men (lung cancer...

Rhinitis

Rhinitis

Acute rhinitis is also called runny nose or stuffy nose. Acute rhinitis is an acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of nasal cavity.

...

Coma

Coma Disease

Coma is a deep and long term impairment of consciousness, a state of unconsciousness and loss of perception.  Coma is a result of toxic, metabolic...

Abdominal Bloating

Abdominal Bloating

Bloating, also called meteorism, is a symptom that is typical to some diseases and syndromes. In some cases, abdominal bloating is not related to...

Asthma

Asthma

Asthma is an inflammatory disease that leads to disrupted bronchial response to various stimuli. This causes reversible bronchial obstruction....

Meningitis

Meningitis Disease, Viral

Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges – soft membranes that cover the brain and the spinal cord. Meningitis is mostly caused by...

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